Thoiry ZooSafari started breeding a pair of Anoas which arrived at their facility back in 2016. The pair has proven to be a good match as they just welcome their second baby. Anoas giving birth is a rare occasion.
Thoiry ZooSafari believes only 2 Anoas exist currently in the wild, which is a dangerously low number. Even in zoos, the numbers are extremely low. The facility reports that there are less than 50 animals of this species left in all European Zoos.
In the European continent, there have only been 2 births in the last year.
Anoas are also known as dwarf buffalos as they are among the smallest cattle that exist. Their heights hardly reach a meter when fully mature. Whereas, the calfs at birth are not more than 40cm tall.
Additionally, the species has been facing habitat loss and are subjected to hunting. Hence, their numbers have seen a drastic hit in the recent years.
The International Union for Nature Conservation (IUNC) has enlisted the species on the Red List since 2008 making them dangerously endangered.
Anoas have either dark brown or black coats, which are extremely woolly. The distinctive feature of males is that they are darker in color than females. They do not have many spots other than light patches right above their hooves. Another notice-worthy trait is their relatively short tail. Both the males and females have horns. Their horn are rear-facing and can grow between 15 to 20 cm.
They are endemic to the Indonesian islands of Sulawesi and Butung. Anoas are rainforest animals. Their habitats must include dense vegetation and permanent sources of water.
Dwarf buffalos are solitary animals. The best they will do is move in pairs. Moving forward, the life span for them is around 20 to 25 years.
Humans threaten their ability to survive. Thus, they do not thrive in densely populated areas.